Want to buy an electric car? Understand how uploading works
Even before the pandemic period, consumer habits were already undergoing changes. Concerns about the best cost benefit were also impacted by issues involving sustainability and the impact of consumption on the environment. Rules on the use of straws in restaurants and plastic bags in supermarkets are some examples. For more references, check out: inverters for cars
A trend that is already taking over the world, in view of more affectionate habits with the planet, is the adoption of electric cars. Although it is crawling in Brazil, it is a niche that tends to grow, and fast, in some years. With that in mind, Garagem360 and NeoCharge , which offers charging infrastructure solutions, selected practical and useful information before purchasing an electric powered model.
It is important to keep in mind that, for this type of consumption, traditional benefits or options are not always relevant. It is important to understand the universe of electric mobility before purchasing your vehicle.
Choosing a suitable model requires careful comparison of the many cars available - with special attention to the charger that will recharge the battery. Felipe Martins, from NeoCharge, explains that there are several types of sockets (plugs and connectors) for charging electric vehicles to become familiar with.
Alternating Current (AC) and Direct Current (DC)
At first, it is important to understand that electricity can be transmitted using alternating current (AC - electric current that varies in direction over time) or direct current (DC - in direction current remains constant over time).
Both have their pros and cons. AC is the type of current available on the local electrical network. On the other hand, DC is the way that various electronic devices work and how batteries store energy.
“Traditionally, we use AC and DC power, which means that we have to convert them from one form to another as needed. Most of the energy received from the local network is through AC, which is later converted into DC to supply electronic devices and batteries ”, points out Martins. "To do this, we use converters, commonly called inverters, battery chargers or power adapters."
charging AC charging can be carried out basically in three ways: through the three-phase, two-phase or single-phase power network. Biphasic or monophasic at 220 volts is the most common type in homes and small commercial establishments. In this option, charging can be carried out at 3.7 kW with a current of 16 amps or 7.4 kW with a current of 32 amps.
In the case of the 380-volt three-phase network, which is more common in industries and large commercial establishments, charging can be carried out at 11 kW with a current of 16 amps or 22 kW with a current of 32 amps.
Direct current chargers are the best solution for faster charging units. Due to their high efficiency, direct current chargers are generally used in public spaces or companies, where the user usually stays less time on site charging their vehicle.
The main difference between AC and DC charging is the way the power is supplied. Unlike AC chargers, a DC charger has an inverter inside the charger itself. This means that it can supply power directly to the car battery and does not need the electric car inverter to convert it. In this way, DC chargers can reach a power of 300 kW.